It is well known that U.S. citizens and permanent residents who seek to sponsor their relative for U.S. green cards need to file immigrant petitions, Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, with the USCIS. USCIS will adjudicate the petitions and, if approved, forward them to the National Visa Center (NVC)for immigrant visa pre-processing.
After the USCIS forwards the immigrant petitions to the NVC, the NVC will provide instructions to both the applicants and the petitioners for submitting the required fee. Once the fee is paid, they will be required to submit the immigrant visa applications along with the supporting documents and Affidavits of Support. The NVC will process their applications only if they submit the required supporting documents and pay the fee.
Immigrant Visa Application Process
The principal visa applicants will have to give the NVC the mailing address, where correspondence related to the petitions they have filed, must be sent. As the immigrant visa categories require sponsorship, the sponsors will be required to file Form I-864, Affidavit of Support. This is to establish that the beneficiaries of the immigrant petitions will not become public charges. Once the applicants pay the immigrant visa application processing fee, the NVC will send the fee invoice to the applicants.
The beneficiaries of immigrant petitions must file applications for immigrant visas once the NVC instructs them to do so. They need to file their applications and pay the required fee. Certain documents such as birth certificates, must be submitted.
The NVC will review the applications and the supporting documents and forward the documents to the U.S. embassy or consulate, that will interview the applicants. Interviews will be scheduled with consular officers and the applicants will be notified about the interview.
Immigrant visa applicants will be interviewed at U.S. embassies or consulates. The interviewing consular officers will determine whether or not to issue immigrant visas.
Applicants can be on the safer side if they prepare for their interviews. Prior to their visa interviews, they need to complete medical examinations. Likewise, they need to see to it that they have all the required original documents available for the immigrant visa interview.
If the interviews are successful, visas will be issued and the visa applicants can travel to U.S. ports of entry with those visas. They will be granted admission into the United States by Department of Homeland Security officers, after their visa packets are reviewed.